Raichur is district headquarter in the Nortneastern part of Karnataka bounded by two rivers, Krishna river in the north and Tungabhadra river in the south abd is known as Raichur Doeb. Raichur is a famous historical place known for its Fort, Thermal Power Station and Hatti Gold Mines.

Location

Raichur is a district headquarter in the northern part of Karnataka. It lies between : 

Longitudes 75 46’ and 77 35’ E & Latituteds 15 09’ abd 16 34’ N

The district is bounded on the north by the district of Kalaburagi on the west by the Districts of Vijayapra and Dharwad on the east by the district of Mahaboobnagar of Telangana state and on the south by the districts of Bellary of Karnataka and Karnool of Telengana state.

The river Krishna form the entire northern boundary of the district and the river Tungabhadra forms the entire southern boundary of the district.

 

Taluks @ Raichur district :

  1. Deodurg
  2. Manvi
  3. Lingasugur
  4. Sindhanoor
  5. Raichur

Demography

Population, population density, male female ratio, literacy rate etc. of the district as per the 2011 census are given below.

Description20112001

Actual Population 1,928,812M 1,669,762
Male 964,511 841,840
Female 964,301 827,922
Population Growth 15.51% 23.52%
Area Sq. Km 8,442 8,442
Density/km2 8,442 8,442
Proportion to Karnataka Population 3.16% 3.16%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 1000 983
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 950 964
Average Literacy 59.56 48.81
Male Literacy 70.47 61.52
Female Literacy 48.73 35.93
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 283,733 283,068
Male Population (0-6 Age) 145,468 144,097
Female Population (0-6 Age) 138,265 138,971
Literates 979,769 676,799
Male Literates 577,213 429,277
Female Literates 402,556 247,522
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.71% 16.95%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 15.08% 17.12%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.34% 16.79%

History Of Raichur

The history of Raichur dates back to the third century B.C. The rock Inscriptions found in Maski, Lingasugur taluk and Koppal taluks prove that this ares was included in the dominions of the great Mouryan King Ashok(273-236 B.C. It appears that, early in the Cristian era, this area war apart of Kingdom of satavanas, and during 3rd abd 4th century A.D under the rule of Vakatakas and later under Kadambas. Next important dynasties which ruled over this region were Chalukyas of Badami, Pallavas and Rastrakutas. Inspirations indicate that there were frequent wars between Chola kings os the south and the Chalukyan kings(Aka western Chalukyas) for supremacy over the Raichur regionand the region was under the sway of Cholas for a short period. After the fall of Chalukyas Raichur came into thr hands of the Kalachur and later Sevna Yadava Kings. The Kakatitiyas came in the 13th century. The inscription found on the Fort- wall of Raichur indicates the original fort was built br Gore Rangareddy in 1294 AD as per the direction of a general of the Kakatiya queen Rudram Devi of Warangal. Later it was sacked by Malik Kafur, who was commender of Sultanate of Delhi in 1312. In 1323 it came under the rein of Vijayanagar Empire. It was captured by Bahani Sultanate in1363 Bijapur Sultanate in 1489. At the battle of Raichur in 1520 Vijanagar recaptured it but Bujapur recaptured it In 1465 after Vijayanagara’s defeat at the hands of the Deccan Sultanate during the battle of Talikot. In 1686 the district was captured by Aurangzeb, emperor of Mughal Empire. Finally Raichur became part of Nizam of Hyderabad between 1724 and 1948 except British rule between 1853 and 1860 as part of Madras presidency. After the operation of Polo, Nizam was forcibly integrated to Indian Union on 17th September 1948, and became part of Hyderabad state till 1956. Hence this region including Gulbarga, Bidar, Yadgir and Kopppal is known as Hyderabad Karnataka. In 1956 the state was reorganized on linguistic basi and became part of Mysore and in 1970 it was renamed as state of Karnataka.

Climate Of Raichur

Raichur is situated in the semiarid region of Peninsular India. It experiences droughts frequently. The average annual rainfall in the area is around 650mm.The Precipitation is mainly due to southwest mansoon. The rainy months are June, July, August, September and October; September being the rainiest month. Generally April and May are the hottest months and temperature goes upto 46, but winters are mild. Maximum relative humidity prevails from July to October.

Three seasons can be distinguished

  • Summer: commencing from March till middle of June.

  • Rainy season: from June to October

  • Winter: from November to February.

Agriculture & Food Crops

paddy,jawar,bajra,pulses like red gram, green gram, and other millets and vegetables.

Commercial crops: ground nut, cotton, sunflower.

Horticultural crops: mango, sweet orange, acid lime, guava, sapota,papaya, pomogranite, etc..